Acne

Acne is a skin condition characterized by plugged pores (blackheads and whiteheads), pimples, and even deeper lumps (cysts or nodules) that especially occur on the face, chest and back. Acne caused by the overactivity and plugging of the sebaceous glands (skin’s oil glands) affects more that eighty percent of teenagers and preteens to some extent. However, the disease can affect people of every age, gender, and race.

People with acne frequently demonstrate lesions. The basic acne lesion, called the comedo, is a sebaceous follicle plugged with sebum, tiny hairs, dead cells and sometimes bacteria. Closed comedones with some pathological changes in pilosebaceous ducts (hypercornification of the duct) are called whiteheads. Open comedones that present when whiteheads reach the skin’s surface and touch air are called blackheads. Their black color is not dirt, but the melanin (skin pigment) that accumulates in the opening of the oil gland.

Other troublesome acne lesions can develop such as papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts. Papules and pustules are blockages of oil glands that are inflamed. Papules are red lesions (pimples). Pustules are pimples topped by pus-filled lesions that are usually red at the base. Nodules are large, painful, solid lesions that are deep-seated within the skin. They may develop additional infection and have the potential to produce long-term scarring. Cystic acne is considered the severe acne form. They are tender, sensitive, deeper, painful, pus-filled lesions that cause scarring.

The goals of acne treatment should include clearance of acne, prevention of scarring and, morbidity minimization. Patient education is the first and at times the most crucial step for effective acne treatment. It is essential to dispel myths that consumption of greasy food, potato chips, sugar and chocolates are responsible for the development of acne. The patient must be advised to cleanse the skin gently and use a non-comedogenic moisturizer. The patient should also avoid picking and rubbing the skin and using scented or harsh skin products. Other important preventive measures should include use of proper shaving technique and being consistent with the skin care regimen. Drinking more water can also help skin stay healthy. Evidence states that modification of the testosterone dose; dosing schedule or delivery method helps improve acne symptoms.

Patients with mild to severe acne can be treated with topical or oral medicines. Although systemic therapy is mainly used for treatment of severe acne, it is sometimes needed for moderate cases.

A variety of systemic agents used to clear acne include interlesional corticosteroid injection, isotretinoin, oral antibiotics (tetracycline and erythromycin) and oral contraceptives.

Azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, erythromycin, and sodium sulfacetamide are the prescription topical antimicrobials used to treat acne vulgaris in the United States. Several types of prescription topical retinoids used to treat acne include adapalene, tazarotene, and tretinoin.

i-acne.com Acne provides detailed information about acne, acne medication, acne products, and more. Acne is affiliated with e-acneproducts.com Acne Skin Care Products.

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Acne

Despite the jokes, no matter how well-meaning, or suggestions to just ignore it, no matter how well-intentioned, it cannot be denied by anyone who has suffered from acne that it is a serious problem. In exploring this topic, you can see how your life might be affected, and, looking into the future, see what may be done about it.

Acne is an inflammation of the skin, caused by an abnormal response to normal levels of testosterone. This occurs most commonly in puberty, when the human body kicks into chemical overdrive and the oil glands go into high production and subsequently block off the pores in the skin. Any dirt trapped in the blocked pores can be a real breading ground for bacteria and indeed pores can become infected. This lesion can become swollen and then pop, forming an unsightly sore.

With the sudden addition of estrogen and testosterone to a previously stable system, it is no wonder that the body starts overcompensating for the new hormones. The inflammation of acne leads to acne lesions that appear mostly on the face, but can actually appear anyone on the body. One reason suggested for the appearance of acne is genetics: many teenagers with acne have parents who once suffered in the same way.

There is no denying how traumatic having acne can be, whatever your age and although especially common in teenagers, there is a significant proportion of the population that suffer from acne as adults. However, you can do more than just ignore it; you can get rid of it!

One way to take care of the acne is through good hygiene. This is especially true if your body is going through a difficult phase right now; remember to keep your skin exfoliated, either chemically or by hand and this may help to make sure that your pores do not become infected.

Another way to take care of acne is get a use benzoyl peroxide. Products that contain this substance include acne gels or creams, which can prevent further breakouts by killing the bacteria that causes acne in the first place. However, do be careful with your use of benzoyl peroxide as it can badly dry out your skin, which can make the acne worse.

While it is known that sunlight will help lessen acne to a certain degree, it could also be dangerous as we now know that UV rays in sunlight can also cause other damage to the skin. One solution to this is the use of blue and red light forms. When these specially built lights are used on the problem areas on a daily basis, the lesions from acne can recede by up to 6%. Red and blue light promote the production of free-moving molecules that attack the bacteria that cause acne pimples.

In this day and age, there is no reason to suffer in silence, or even suffer at all! If you do have acne, it is simply a problem to be solved. Go ahead and look at the options available to you, such as a futuristic bath in blue light or an effective exfoliating cream or gel.

Frank Paul has written a number of acnenurse.com/acne-treatment/ Acne Treatment articles and regularly writes acnenurse.com/acne-product-reviews/ Acne Product Reviews for the acnenurse.com/ Acne Nurse website.

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